Section 1: Film Industry

1.1

What is it like working in the film industry?

Dynamic – always evolving

It’s said that a film is made three times: once in the script, once in the shoot and once in the edit.

Thankless (sometimes)

People working in roles such as focus puller and boom operator mention that their jobs are often only remarked upon if they have made a mistake: for example, we may notice when the camera is out of focus, but don’t give praise for all the times it is in focus.

Multifaceted

Film is an exciting art form in that it combines music, stories and picture. You can choose what suits you while meeting new people in different departments.

Give 10 examples of qualities you need to work in the film industry.

  1. FLEXIBILITY

You may deviate from your vision due to time and budget limitations and others’ opinions.

2. COMMUNICATION

You need to articulate your ideas well to bring them alive, while also listening to others and understanding concepts.

3. AMBITION

You should try to make something unique, with an important message, while avoiding stereotypes and duplicates of previous films.

4. CREATIVITY

As film is an art form, it’s good to have an appreciation of aesthetics and music, paired with imagination.

5. CONFIDENCE

Working with many departments, and many individuals in each one, you need to believe in your vision and push it forwards.

6. TEAM PLAYER

From sound to camera, and pre to post-production, when working with many people, compromise is key.

7. INITIATIVE AND WORK ETHIC

When starting out, it is important to be active –  writing scripts, making short films or working as a runner. Once established, professionals still stay up to date with new techniques and technology.

8. DECISIVENESS

Under time constraints, and possibly leading a large team, it is important to have a clear vision and stay calm under pressure.

9. PROBLEM SOLVING AND PRACTICALITY

Once you have an idea, how can you work within your means and overcome obstacles to bring it alive?

10.  PATIENCE

A quality demonstrated if you got to the end of this list!

***The links below may help if you need more info after your masterclass with Rupert:

Useful for job roles and progression as well as information about the industry
http://creativeskillset.org/creative_industries/film/about_the_industry

Good introduction to working in the industry
https://www.reed.co.uk/career-advice/how-to-get-a-job-in-the-film-industry/

Further articles:
10 commandments of film making
Seven arts of working in film
Essential personal traits of filmmakers
Top 10 qualities of a great filmmaker

 

1.2 

Why is time management important in the film industry? 

 Time needs to be managed effectively in order to …

Minimise stress

If days are planned, they will run more smoothly, and more energy can be put into the film you are creating than worrying about logistics.

Ensure the project is completed

You don’t want to be left unsatisfied with your footage or half a script.

Keep in budget and save money

The more time you spend, the more you will need to pay for actors, equipment (if rented) and locations. What’s more, the release date of a film can affect its box office success.

Balance different aspects

With so many different departments, be it sound or camera, pre or post-production, if one thing runs over this can affect the whole process and other teams.

Give at least 4 examples of good time management skills

  1. Plan ahead

Make a timetable in advance that is realistic with gaps for overrunning.

  1. Be prepared

The set, equipment and actors should be ready beforehand. You should also know what your own role entails.

  1. Take breaks

Ideally, work in short bursts and ensure breaks, food and adequate sleep to be more productive.

  1. Prioritise

Be prepared to compromise and cut sections. Although small details are important you can’t afford to be too pedantic.

 

***please upload the call sheets for your two shoots, and any other production documentation (schedules etc)

 

BFI Academy CALLSHEET Worst Kind Oct 28

BFI Academy CALLSHEET Good Food 29 Oct

1.3 

Describe the key aspects of health and safety when working on film productions 

The assistant director, as mentioned previously, is responsible for health and safety on set. They compile a risk assessment that details possible hazards, risks they pose and measures that should be taken to prevent them.

Possible hazards due to scene content:

  • Driving
  • Fireworks
  • Eating and drinking
  • Physical exertion
  • Flames and flammable materials

Common hazards when filming:

  • Working at heights
  • Lifting heavy equipment
  • Electricity
  • Long days – fatigue
  • Restricted access to exits

Describe at least 3 health and safety considerations for your own film

Risk 1: Candles

Measure 1: Light the candle just before shooting starts and blow it out immediately after the shot finishes. Ensure the candle does not come into contact with flammable materials.

Risk 2: Handling knives

Measure 2: Always hold the knife by the handle with the blade pointed away from yourself and others. Once used, store safely.

Risk 3: Food consumption/allergies

Measure 3: Check the actors’ dietary requirements and buy suitable food. Cook food safely and hygienically. Alternatively, shots may not actually be needed of the actors eating.

***please upload the risk assessment for your primary shoot

BFI Academy Risk Assessment GOOD FOOD 29 Oct

1.4 & 1.5 

***please summarise or upload the copyright information you learned in your first editing class with Tom

Why does copyright law exist?

“To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited time to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries.”

– US Constitution

AND

To ensure authors profit from their own work and others do not do so unfairly.

What kind of work is covered by copyright?

Copyright protects…

  1.  Literary works: books, periodicals etc plus blogs, computer programs, emails, databases
  2. Audiovisual works: movies, slide shows, videos
  3. Dramatic works
  4. Choreographic works
  5. Pictorial works: painting, sculpture. graphic designs plus maps and charts
  6. Music works: sequence of notes
  7. Sound recordings: music, sound effects, podcasts
  8. Architectural works: only original (not standard/utilitarian) aspects

But not..

  • Ideas or facts – only the way in which they are expressed is covered
  • Logos, names, slogans – these are protected by trademark law

What might happen if you were to use copyrighted material in your film?

If you profit from the film, you may be ordered to…

  • Pay damages to the copyright owner
  • Destroy the film or it may be impounded (seized by state)

In cases of innocent infringement, you may be asked to…

  • Take your film down (if posted online)

How can you make sure not to infringe copyright law in your film?

If you are including film clips..

  • Use public domain films or cleared archive footage
  • Get permission from, and credit, all copyright owners: director, producer, distributors, funders.

Argue that it’s ‘fair use’ as the film is being made for educational and non-commerical purposes.

How has copyright law affected your film production?

  1. No literary works, art or film clips were used.
  2. Music had to be downloaded from audioblocks, a website which provides royalty-free music.
  3. Due to trademark law, we had to make our own ready meal packaging rather than using shop-bought packets

***You might also find the following links useful to complete this section:

http://copyrightuser.org/filmmaker/ 

https://www.copyrightservice.co.uk/copyright/p01_uk_copyright_law 

 

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2 Comments

  1. Great work Emer! Really thoughtful and succinct responses. You’ve successfully completed 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3. Please remember to upload your risk assessments, call sheets and any other scheduling documentation as further evidence.

    Like

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